The Cameronians - Scottish Rifles
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The Cameronians - Scottish Rifles



The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)

This remarkable regiment can trace its origins back to 1689, when it was raised under unique circumstances. The regiment is an amalgamation of the 26th Cameronian Regiment and the 90th Perthshire Light Infantry which were brought together, albeit reluctantly in the Army Reforms of 1881, to form The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles).

Since 1881, the recruiting base for The Cameronians has been firmly located in Lanarkshire and the Glasgow area, where the 26th Cameronian Regiment originated. ( see map below)

Regimental Origin
The first muster of the regiment took place at Douglas Parish Kirk, Lanarkshire on 14th May 1689. Here a declaration was read out, and explained to the assembled men:

"All shall be well affected, of approved fidelity and of a sober conversation. The cause they are called to appear for, is the service of the King’s Majesty and the defence of the Nation, recovery and preservation of the Protestant Religion; and in particular the work of reformation in Scotland, in opposition to Popery prelacy and arbitrary power in all its branches and steps, until the Government of Church and State be brought back to that lustre and integrity which it had in the best times."

This extraordinary regiment was, therefore, as much a congregation as a military force. Each company had its elder and every man carried a Bible. Traditionally the regiment posted sentinels at church parades and the sermon did not commence until an officer notified the minister that 'the pickets are posted, there are no enemy in site'.

Source: With acknowledgement to Diana M Henderson 'The Scottish Regiment'
Published by Harper Collins.


Scotland Map showing main recruiting area - Lanarkshire.


Source: With acknowledgement to Diana M Henderson 'The Scottish Regiments' published by Harper Collins